Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 29, 2011

dont get it! It doesnt tell you what the problem is, it doesnt tell you how to fix it, I did everything that the infinite number of blogs , forums and what not tells you to do, and it still wont generate!!!!



Kufi-roman adaptation, 2nd trial

Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 21, 2011



poem adapted from Shell Silverstein’s “Everything On It”, found on

( I had to cheat and change it around somewhat to make the text fit)


The rules so far

– each word block should have straight edges to form an independent unit

– Letter connect either by baseline connections or by interlocking,  preferably not both

– glyphs expand in width to twice their original width

– one unit space

– parallel lines should have one unit width space

– connections should follow the natural strokes of letters

– medial connectors should align whenever possible across the word






Kufi adaptation, another trial

Posted in Experiments, work by Lina A.Hadi on September 20, 2011







Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 18, 2011


I was unable to find out exactly what this was, I can only assume that it’s Peter Bilak’s and that it has to do with roman vs arabic rhythm , abstracted, as it was displayed in a post about an event where Bilak was speaking, entitled “Unfamiliar Territories, Arabic Type and Modern Dance”.


Examples of modern Kufi designs

Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 12, 2011

Sakkal is a well known calligraphy, his website has many examples of kufi artwork


some other examples from various places:



square kufi


Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 10, 2011




This has nothing to do with anything, just a happy coincidence! 

Project Overview

Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 10, 2011

An overview of my project (so far)

This project explores various methods to create a dialogue between two diverse cultures. Dialogues, essentially a manifestation of language transmitted between two or more entities, are most thoroughly expressed as scripts, letterforms and typography. Dialogues involve informative matter relayed and received, possibly contributing to a learning process, whereby one or both of the entities are affected and changed, however slightly.

Is there any merit to the English language and script acquiring elements of Arabic orthography, structure and typographic/calligraphic visual style? Can this borrowing of alien aspects create a more relevant bilingual conversation?

Theoretical research involved looking into linguistic structures, calligraphy, origins of the alphabet and structures of other scripts including asian and Semitic scripts, as well as experimental reform projects for the english language. Experimental work conducted so far has segmented the project into four directions, which aim to find answers by conducting several different experiments, each considers a separate element of orthography or typography individually, with the possibility of cross-over between the different approaches.

The first path attempts to produce a consonantal english script, which requires a pointing system (vowel indication), which may be utilized according to certain conditions, to achieve maximum readability. Consonantal scripts are semantically and syntactically interpreted, the missing vowels are mostly supplied by the reader. In English orthography, however, elimination of vowels must consider the non-phonetic word formations, initial vowels, diphthongs and in some cases, change of consonant phonetic values when combined with certain vowels. It is worth noting that vowel omission has already been utilized in English extensively in the past few years, due to text messaging, tweeting and chat forms, albeit randomly.

The second path reworks letter-and-word forms based on a strict grid, based on the Kufi geometry. The Kufic script is an Arabic hand, a variant of which has evolved into an ornamental square configuration, which encompasses stacking of letters or words into geometric forms. Kufi has often included arabesques into its typographic designs.

The third path abstracts letterforms of both English and Arabic alphabets into core modules, in an attempt to utilize the Arabic method of differentiating letterforms through the use of diacritical dots. Both alphabets currently employ recurrent shapes, differentiated by various methods, in English, ascenders, descenders and orientation have been used, for example, b d p and q are formed from the same elements, with different vertical or horizontal orientations. Other methods have also been used (m and n, for example). This new proposed system reverts letters to their basic shapes, and utilizes dots instead of other means as the main differentiator. Similar treatment will be applied to Arabic.

The last part of the project is a study of the proportions, visual structure and general texture of Arabic and its possible application to Roman script. X-height to cap-height proportion, horizontal to vertical stress, descender forms, reading directions, ligatures and connected glyphs  are aspects to consider in this project.


Reading Exercises

Posted in Experiments by Lina A.Hadi on September 9, 2011

Reading exercises. The first consists of several attempts of vowel omission or replacement, omitting vowels, vowels as superscript, vowels as diacritics (appropriating existing glyphs), displaying only vowels of stressed syllables.

The other deals with reading directions, simply flushed right, or reflected, right bound.

The texts used are chapters from Amin Maalouf’s ‘In the Name of Identity, Violence and the Need to Belong’

Reading_Vowel Omission

Reading_ Directions

Dashed Diacritics

Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 8, 2011




based upon a calligraphic specimen (below) a new system of abstracting vowels was devised.







Posted in Uncategorized by Lina A.Hadi on September 8, 2011


Loosely based on the ancient Arabic system of vowel indication. Positioning of dot determines its value as a vowel. Due to the fact that English has more vowels than arabic, some changes were necessary to the original system. Further amendments need to cater to digraphs and diphthongs.